Share OS X Lion Files With Windows 7 PCs

Lion File Sharing With Win 7 – Overview

The entire process of sharing files having a Windows 7 PC is a bit different with Lion of computer was with Snow Leopard and earlier versions of OS X. But despite changes to Lion, and Apple’s implementation of SMB (Server Message Block), will still be easy to set up file sharing. SMB is the native file sharing format that Microsoft uses. You would think that since Microsoft and Apple both use SMB, file sharing would be pretty straightforward; and it is. But underneath the hood, a great deal is different.

Apple stripped the older implementation of SMB it used in previous versions from the Mac OS, and wrote its very own form of SMB 2.0. The change to a custom form of SMB came about because of licensing issues with the Samba Team, the developers of SMB. On the bright side, Apple’s implementation of SMB 2 seems to be working well with Windows 7 systems, at least for the basic file sharing method we are going to describe here.

This informative guide will highlight how you can share your OS X Lion files which means that your Windows 7 PC can access them. If you would also like your OS X Lion Mac so that you can access your Windows files, take a look at another guide: Share Windows 7 Files with OS X Lion.

I recommend following both guides, so that you end up with an easy-to-use bi-directional file sharing system for the Macs and PCs.

What you should Have to Share Your Mac’s Files

A Mac running OS X 10.7.2 or later (earlier versions of Lion were built with a few file sharing issues).
A PC running Windows 7 Home Premium, Professional, or Ultimate.
About Fifteen minutes of your energy.
Some files you wish to share.

Lion File Sharing with Win 7 – Configure Your Mac’s Workgroup Name

As it happens, you don’t need to configure your Mac or Windows 7 workgroup settings. In all probability, the default settings that both OSes use are adequate. However, even though it is feasible for file sharing between a Mac and a Windows 7 PC to work, even with mismatched workgroups, it’s still smart to get them to setup correctly.

The default workgroup reputation for both the Mac along with a Windows 7 PC is WORKGROUP. If you haven’t made any changes either to computer’s workgroup setting, you can skip these steps and go on to page 4.

Changing the Workgroup Name on the Mac Running OS X Lion

The technique below may seem like a roundabout method to alter the workgroup name on your Mac, however it needs to be carried this out way to ensure that the workgroup name actually changes. Attempting to alter the workgroup name on an active connection can result in problems. This method enables you to alter the workgroup name on a copy of your current network settings, and then swap within the new settings all at once.

Launch System Preferences by clicking its icon in the Dock, or by selecting ‘System Preferences’ from the Apple menu.
Click the Network preference pane within the System Preferences window.
From the place drop-down menu, select Edit Locations.
Create a duplicate of your current active location.
Select your active location in the list within the Location sheet. The active location is generally called Automatic.
Click the sprocket button and select ‘Duplicate Location’ from the pop-up menu.
Type inside a new name for the duplicate location.
Click the Done button.
Click the Advanced button.
Select the WINS tab.
In the Workgroup field, go into the same workgroup name you use on your computer.
Click the OK button.
Click the Apply button.

Once you click on the Apply button, your network connection will be dropped. Following a short time, the network connection will be re-established using the new workgroup name you created.

Lion File Sharing with Win 7 – Configure Your PC’s Workgroup Name

Windows 7 uses a default workgroup name of WORKGROUP. Ensuring that both your Mac and your PC use the same workgroup name may be beneficial, even though it isn’t a complete requirement of sharing files.

The default workgroup reputation for the Mac can also be WORKGROUP, so if you haven’t made any changes to the name on either computer, you can skip this task and go on to page 4.
Changing the Workgroup Name on the PC Running Windows 7

In the beginning menu, right-click the pc link.
Select ‘Properties’ in the pop-up menu.
In the machine Information window that opens, click the ‘Change settings’ link in the ‘Computer name, domain, and workgroup settings’ category.
In the machine Properties window that opens, click on the Change button. The button is situated near the line of text that reads: ‘To rename this computer or change its domain or workgroup, click Change.’
In the Workgroup field, go into the reputation for the workgroup. Remember that the workgroup names using the pc and the Mac must match exactly. Click OK. A status dialog box will open, saying ‘Welcome to the X workgroup,’ where X may be the workgroup name you entered earlier.
Click OK in the status dialog box.
A new status message can look, suggesting that ‘You must restart this computer for that changes to take effect.’
Click OK in the status dialog box.
Close the System Properties window by clicking OK.
Restart your Windows PC.

Lion File Sharing with Win 7 – Configure Your Mac’s File Sharing Options

OS X Lion has two different file sharing systems. One enables you to specify the folders you need to share; another enables you to share the whole items in your Mac. The method which is used depends on the account you use to sign in from your Windows PC. If you sign in one of the Mac’s administrator accounts, you’ll have access to the entire Mac, which seems fitting for an administrator. Should you log in using a non-administrator account, you’ll have access to your own user files, plus any specific folders you set up in the Mac’s file sharing preferences.

Enable File Sharing on Your Mac

Launch System Preferences by clicking its icon in the Dock, or by selecting ‘System Preferences’ in the Apple menu.
Click the Sharing preference pane found in the Internet & Wireless section of the System Preferences window.
From the list of sharing services around the left, select File Sharing by putting a checkmark in the box.

Selecting Folders to talk about

Your Mac will share the general public folder for those user accounts. You are able to specify additional folders when needed.

Click the plus (+) button underneath the Shared Folders list.
In the Finder sheet that drops down, navigate to the folder you intend to share. Choose the folder and click on the Add button.
Repeat for any additional folders you intend to share.

Defining Access Rights to Shared Folders

Any folder you add to the list of shared folders includes specific access rights. Automatically, the present owner of a folder is given Read/Write access while everyone else is denied access. The defaults are based on the present privileges which are looking for a specific folder in your Mac.

It’s wise to review the access rights of each folder you add for file sharing, and to make any appropriate changes to the access rights.

Select a folder listed in the Shared Folders list.
The Users list displays a summary of users who are permitted to access the folder, as well as what each user’s access privileges are.
To add a user to the list, click on the plus (+) button found at the bottom of you list, choose the target user, and click on the Select button.
To change access rights, click the current access rights. A pop-up menu can look, listing the access rights for you to assign. Not all access right types are available for all users.

Read & Write. The user can read files, copy files, create new files, edit files inside the shared folder, and delete files.
Read Only. The user may read files, but not edit, copy, or delete files.
Write Only (Drop Box). The user may copy files to the drop box, but can’t see or access the contents of the drop box folder.
No Access. The user will not be able to access any files in the shared folder or any details about the shared folder. This access choice is primarily used for the special Everyone user, which is a method to allow or prevent guest access to folders.

Repeat for every shared folder.

Lion File Sharing with Win 7 – Configure Your Mac’s SMB Options

Using the folders you wish to share specified, you’re ready to switch on SMB file sharing.

Enable SMB File Sharing

With the Sharing preference pane still open, and File Sharing selected, click the Options button, located just above the Users list.
Place a checkmark in the ‘Share files and folders using SMB (Windows)’ box.

Enable User Account Sharing

Just underneath the ‘Share file and folders using SMB’ choice is a list of user accounts on your Mac.
Place a checkmark near the account associated with a user that you want to have access to his/her files via SMB sharing.
An authentication window will open. Go into the password for that selected user account.
Repeat for any additional user accounts that you wish to give remote file sharing privileges.
Click the Done button.

Lion File Sharing with Win 7 – Accessing Your Shared Folders From Windows 7

Now that you’ve got your Mac set up to share folders together with your Windows 7 PC, it’s time to move over to the PC and access the shared folders. Before you can do that, you need to know your Mac’s IP (Ip address) address.

Your Mac’s IP Address

Launch System Preferences by clicking its icon in the Dock, or by selecting ‘System Preferences’ from the Apple menu.
Open the Network preference pane.
Select the active network connection from the listing of available connection methods. For many users, this will be either Ethernet 1 or Wi-Fi.
Once you select a network connection method, the right-hand pane displays the current IP address. Make a note of this information.

Accessing Shared Folders From Windows 7

On your Windows 7 PC, select Start.
In looking Programs and Files box, go into the following: Run
Press enter or return.
In the Run dialog box, type in your Mac’s IP address. Here’s a good example: \\192.168.1.37
Be certain to range from the \\ at the beginning of the address.
If the Windows 7 user account that you’re logged in with matches the name of among the Mac user accounts you specified by the previous step, a window will open with a listing of shared folders.
If the Windows account you’re logged along with does not match among the Mac user accounts, you will be inspired to give you a Mac user account name and password. When you enter these details, a window will open displaying the shared folders.

Now you can access your Mac’s shared folders on your Windows 7 PC.

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